STAMPS ON STAMPS: THE LOGICAL TOPICAL
by Bunny Kaplan
Mrs. Bunny Kaplan was renowned as a worldwide collector during a period
well over 50 years. One of her favorite collecting subjects was a topical collection of
"Stamps on Stamps," and she wrote the following article for the 1982 edition of The
American Philatelic Congress Book.
Another Mrs. Kaplan's collecting
interests, as one might
suspect, was "Rabbits on Stamps." For many years prior to her death in 1992, she was a
stamp club treasurer and manager of a stamp club exchange for military and government
personnel. The latter activity resulted in the formation of stamp clubs at several military
Mrs. Kaplan's 1982 article for The American Philatelic Congress
Book has been
abridged and slightly edited here, with permission of The American Philatelic Congress.
For all of her charm and whit, which formed a large portion of her wonderful personality,
for her willingness to share her world and knowledge with us, and for her unforgettable
and unselfish contributions to philately, we remember Mrs. Kaplan very, very fondly.
Practically all collectors, regardless of their collecting interest reach a point where the cost
of living must take precedence over the pleasures of collecting. Completion becomes either
impossible or too expensive, but the lure of collecting is still there. There is a
solution...topical collecting. But, what topic? To me, the logical one is stamps on stamps.
It offers the attractions of the stamps themselves, while still allowing the pursuit of
knowledge to the extent of one's own personal desires. There is almost unlimited material
available and completion is whatever goal you set.
But first, a definition of stamps on stamps is in order.
The Stamps on Stamps-Centenary Unit of the American Topical Association (SOSCU),
suggests (note: this is only a suggestion-no formal rules here) three basic types, all of which
can be found on United States stamps. Three types (A, B, and U) are generally
Type A: reproduction of the original stamp on the
new stamp. See Fig. 1, showing the famous British Guiana Penny Magenta of 1856, here
reproduced on a first day cover of set of two stamps issued by Guyana in 1967 to honor the
Figure 1. Example of a Type A stamp on stamp.
Type B: use of the original design with modifications,
such as using a part of the original design or changing denominations and country names
to current ones. An example of the Type B stamp is shown on the 1947 cover illustrated in
Figure 2, a first day cover to Brooklyn franked with the U. S. three cent issue of 1947 and
cancelled at the Centenary International Philatelic Exhibition Station. The portraits on
stamp on the cover in Figure 2 are from the first two U. S. stamps of 1847 and are used as
vignettes on the 1947 U. S. Stamp Centenary Issue.
Figure 2. Example of a Type B stamp on stamp.
Type U: reproduction of a stamp in an
unidentifiable form, such as indicating a stamp on an envelope or in an album, or having a
simulated perforation design to indicate a stamp. Figure 3 is an example of a Type U
stamp on stamp as shown on the 1966 imperforate souvenir sheet issued by the U. S. for
Sixth International Philatelic Exhibition, Washington, D. C. The five cent stamp on the
souvenir sheet clearly features an envelope franked with four stamps; however, the
individual stamps cannot be identified.
Figure 3. Type U stamp on stamp.
Once you have decided to collect stamps on stamps,
how do you go about it? First, decide what type you are going to collect, or if like I, you
a general collector at heart, you'll collect all three. Next, you have to know what exists,
in this regard there is only one good source. The quarterly bulletin of SOSCU will alert
you to new issues. SOSCU has also published a handbook (with annual supplements). Of
course, if you have unlimited time and good eyesight, you can always work your way
through Scott's catalog. I don't recommend this. I tried it for several years before I
discovered the SOSCU. Going through the catalog took a lot of the pleasure out of forming
the early collection.
Let's say that you have decided to concentrate on the
Type A stamps on stamps, the reproduction of the original stamps. Again, you have many
can collect mint, or used, on FDCs or on commercial covers or anyway that strikes your
fancy. That's the great advantage of this type of collecting, for unless you want to exhibit,
and more about that later, you do it the way YOU want to do it.
In addition to selecting the condition in which you want
to collect the stamps, you may want to have a topic within the topic, e.g. Sir Rowland Hill
Death Centenary. Or stamps on stamps issued for stamp exhibitions.
Suppose Type A looks too simple to you; lets take a look
at Type B, where the original design has been modified. Collecting Type B stamps on
stamps can be a lot of fun, noting all
the modifications, some of which are quite subtle. Unfortunately, most of us cannot afford
original stamps. I had thought it would be interesting to show the original stamp along
with the modified one, but when the catalog values of the first few I looked up were in the
thousands of dollars, I quickly abandoned that idea. I had no trouble finding old Scott
catalogs, from which I cut out the illustrations of the original stamps. These illustrations I
had enlarged by about two times to give good size cut-outs to use on the album pages along
the modified stamp.
If it's just pure fun that you are looking for, try collecting
Type U stamps on stamps. These might better be called UFO's. The range of designs is
Does this all seem too simplistic? After all, you want to
do more than collect pretty pictures, which unfortunately is the view held by many
collectors when they think of topical collecting. Never fear, there is much more.
When I first started collecting stamps on stamps, I was
only interested in the picture, but this soon became rather dull. I wanted to know more, so
started to pay more attention to all the information that was floating around me in the
philatelic press and the catalogs. I wanted to know why the stamp was issued, who
designed, engraved and printed it, how many were issued, and much more information.
Unless you have access to an unlimited library of all
subjects, determining all of these elements can be difficult, but there is a lot of good source
material. Fields All-World Miniature Sheet Catalogue and Zinsmeisters Centenary Issues
and Souvenir Sheets of the World are excellent for this purpose. The current philatelic
press will keep you informed of new and forthcoming issues, as will SOSCU's quarterly
bulletin, the SOS SIGNAL. Scott gives the date of issue, reason for the issue and
printing information. Now you have the basic information about the stamp. You may
notice that nothing has been said about watermark and perforation varieties. These are
not usually considered by topical collectors since the design is the primary area of interest.
Do you have the urge to exhibit? Now you have to
observe a few rules if you want to earn any sort of award. For years, I went to stamp
and looked at the topical exhibits of animals, history, birds, etc. All of these exhibits
to tell a
story or develop a theme. But, I never saw a stamp on stamp exhibit, and I couldn't figure
out how to tell a story. Then one year I was lucky to meet a well-known topical philatelic
judge and told him my plight. His reply was simple . . . you can't tell a story with this
but you can concentrate on an aspect of it. I went home and pondered that. When my
local stamp club decided to put on a show, I took the plunge. As I remember, my first
exhibit was Type A mint stamps and FDCs of the world. Very pretty, but it didn't tell a
thing except that lots of countries issued stamps on stamps!
Then I tried an exhibit illustrating the 3 types of stamps
on stamps . . .still very jumbled. Then I tried British Commonwealth. That was much
better, giving a small tie-in between the stamps shown. The next year did it, for along
the Sir Rowland Hill death Centenary, which generated lots of Type A stamps on stamps,
with a common reason for being issued and the story of Sir Rowland Hill to start it off for
the title page. This exhibit concentrated on the stamps of the British Commonwealth and
won an award.
My last exhibit, which also won an award, was stamps on
stamps issued for stamp exhibitions. This one was a lot of fun to put together, for in
studying the reasons why certain stamps were selected to be reproduced, some interesting
things came to light. One of the Lubeck stamps reproduced for INTERPOSTA 1959 in
Germany shows the original stamp with a denomination of 2 schillings, but the inscription
on the stamp is ZWEI EIN HALB, which is 2 and 1/2 schillings.
In the past, topical exhibits had to have the stamps of
more than one country, but that has been changed. So, if you have a favorite country
where the needed stamps are beyond your means, why not try a stamp on stamp collection
of that country. Some countries which have issued a fair amount of such stamps
are: Argentina --over 36; Belgium--over 50; Czechoslovakia--over 40; France--over 40 and
Spain--over 60. Also, keep in mind that judges frown on non-Scott listed stamps.
How do you want to collect this topic? You can collect
just the stamp itself, or any ramification of it. I like the mint stamp, which gives a
clear look at the details, coupled with an FDC to show the date of issue. There are also
many special show cancels plus commercial covers showing real use of the stamp. As noted
before, there are no rules of completion. You pick your area and set your own goals.
I hope this has sparked your interest in stamps on
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