Southern Rhodesia stamps
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Southern Rhodesia was the name of the African
country of Zimbabwe when still a colony of the United Kingdom. It was
also known as Rhodesia for a time. Named after Cecil
Rhodes, the British empire-builder who was the most important figure in
European expansion into southern Africa, the original Rhodesia was created
in 1888 after Rhodes obtained mineral rights from local
chiefs under questionable circumstances. Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia)
separated from Southern Rhodesia in 1910.
Southern Rhodesia remained a British colony and came
to be known simply as Rhodesia. In 1965
it unilaterally declared itself independent under a white-dominated government.
After a long, three-way civil war between the white government and two
socialistic black African movements, ZAPU and ZANU, Britain resumed control for a brief time
and then granted independence to Rhodesia in 1980, whereupon it became Zimbabwe.
Inside #72: Stamps on Envelopes
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