Slovenia stamps

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Flag of Slovenia

A republic in central Europe, bordering on the Adriatic Sea. Slovenia was a part of Hungary through the Middle Ages and was ruled by Austria after 1526. After World War I, it became part of the independent Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Slovenia issued stamps until 1921, when the first Yugoslav national issues were released. During World War II, Slovenia was divided between Germany and Italy, both of which issued separate stamps for their zones. After the war, the province was reoccupied by Yugoslavia, and overprinted stamps of the German occupation (Ljubljana), Germany proper, and Hungary were used, until replaced by regular Yugoslav issues. On June 25, 1991, Slovenia declared its independence from Yugoslavia. Although Yugoslav military forces initially attempted to suppress independence, they soon withdrew. Because it does not abut Yugoslavia and does not have the religious heterogeneity of other former Yugoslav territories, Slovenia has been free of the warfare that marked the area in the 1990's. Slovenia quickly began to integrate with the economy of Western Europe, and in 1997 all political parties announced their support for the country's membership in NATO.

 http://www.trussel.com/stamps/smoking/country/slovenia.htm

cartedf_yougo_1998.gif (43122 octets)

See: Yugoslavia stamps


Scott: #167O

Issued: 19.3.1993

75th Anniversary, Slovenian Postal Service

 Inside #167: Yugoslavia-Slovenia #3L8O


Scott: #306O

Issued: 9.9.1997

50th Anniversary, Reunification of Primorska

 Inside #306: Yugoslavia Zone B (Istria) #35O

http://placomuso.free.fr/croatie/Croatiaistra.htm

50th ANNIVERSARY OF THE REUNIFICATION OF PRIMORSKA WITH THE HOMELAND

Slovenes have been living uninterruptedly on the territory of the Slovene Littoral and Istria from the 7th century on. Together with other fellow countrymen they lived in the Austro-Hungarian Empire until World War I.

According to the Peace Treaty of Rapallo, signed after World War I, the entire Slovene Littoral and Istria were ceded to the Kingdom of Italy. Even though the American president Wilson declared the right of self-determination of entente countries to be the essential war aim, this right was denied to the Slovene nation. By taking away Primorska, a great wrong was done to Slovenes.

After the annexation of this territory the Italian state began to carry out the assimilation measures, which were intensified when the fascists came to power. They destroyed most of the Slovene economy and banking, abolished Slovene cultural and other associations and Slovene schools. The Slovene language was banned not only in offices but also in churches. The organisation TIGR (Trieste, Istria, Gorica, Reka) did its outmost to resist these measures. Resistance to fascist power was also shown by adherents of organisations such as Orjunavit, Edinost (Unity) and Svečeniki Sv. Pavla (Priests of St. Paul). Maltreatment of Slovene inhabitants resulted in the numerous emigrations of Slovenes to the then Slovenia and to South America.

The general resistance of the Primorska Slovenes in Italy flared up only during World War II when Italy occupied a considerable part of Slovene territory and annexed it as the Ljubljana region. Together with the units of IV Yugoslav Army Slovene partisans liberated all parts of Primorska. The liberation, however, was followed by the division of Primorska, made on the basis of an agreement between the governments of USA, Great Britain and Yugoslavia signed in Belgrade in 1945, into two military zones: zone A under Anglo-American and zone B under Yugoslav military administration. In the years 1945 -1947 the political, diplomatic and administrational endeavours to annex the divided area of Primorska to Slovenia and Yugoslavia were intensified. All inhabitants throughout Primorska contributed to these endeavours with manifestations, demonstrations and scientific-historical journalism. The multitude and the persuasiveness of this movement had wide repercussions in the international public opinion. After all, the demands for reunification with the homeland were historically justified.

Nevertheless, the wishes and demands did not come true completely. On 16th December 1947, when the peace treaty with Italy came into force, only a large part of Primorska, which represented almost one third of the Slovene territory and inhabitants, was reunified with the homeland.


Scott: #346O

Issued: 23.3.1999

50th Anniversary, Slovenian Philatelic Association

 Inside #346: Yugoslavia #3L5O

 Inside #346: Yugoslavia #305O

50th Anniversary of the Slovenian Philatelic Association

….Unfortunately, there are no records about the first philatelists in Slovenia, but it is known that as early as 1911 philatelists in Maribor started to gather round the tables in inns to exchange stamps. The first registered association of philatelists - called the Philatelic Club for Slovenia - was established in Ljubljana on 3 September 1919.

The idea of establishing a Slovenian philatelic association began to be propagandized among Slovenian philatelists soon after World War II. At that time in the then Slovenia there were three societies with a pre-war tradition. The Slovenian Philatelic Society and Ljubljana Philatelic Club in Ljubljana, and the Society of Philatelists in Maribor. Stamp collectors from other places directly joined these societies or their affiliate clubs around Slovenia. At that time special postage stamps at post offices were only available to those stamp collectors who were members of a philatelic society. Therefore, collectors began to unite and make preparations for the establishment of their own societies. In Carinthia a society was established as early as the beginning of 1949, but the authorities refused to licence the collectors to operate it until the society became a member of the association of Slovene philatelists. The initiative committee for the establishment of the Slovenian philatelic association - constituted in 1945 - transformed into a preparatory committee. On the basis of wide discussion the latter prepared among philatelists the Regulations of the Slovenian Philatelic Association and submitted them to the Ministry of Interior of the then government of the People's Republic of Slovenia. With the decree issued by the government on 24 July 1949, the association was granted a licence to operate. On the basis of this decree the preparatory committee convened the founding general meeting of the Slovenian Philatelic Association, which took place in the Youth hall (Mladinska dvorana) at no. 3 Franciškanska street. Unfortunately, it has not been possible to find out who precisely attended that meeting. Participants must have been the representatives of the then societies and other philatelists from the then People's Republic of Slovenia. The founding meeting was also attended by three representatives of the Koper Philatelic Club, which was founded as early as 1948 in the then second administrative political unit - Zone B of the Free Territory of Trieste. The foundation of the association meant a "green light" for the establishment of societies. Thus in 1949 the Slovenian Philatelic Association had already 28 affiliates – as the societies were then called - with a total of 2,155 members. By May of the next year the number had increased to 36 affiliates with 2,876 members and by March 1952 the association had 44 affiliates with 3,600 members, which was the highest recorded number in its history. One quarter of its members were young people.

With the socio-political changes, the rules of the association changed accordingly to "the letter of law". The basic tasks set out upon the establishment, however, have remained the same until today. They are: to promote Slovenian philately and to support its members with expertise, to promote stamp collecting and development of philately in general and to promote the educational role of philately, especially among young people. To achieve these aims the Slovenian Philatelic Association organizes local and international philatelic exhibitions, cooperates with foreign philatelic organizations and international philatelic associations. By giving initiatives, expressing opinions and putting forward suggestions for stamp issues and other related philatelic items the Slovenian Philatelic Association also cooperates with Post of Slovenia. Furthermore, by organizing discussions, expressing opinions and publishing articles in philatelic magazines and other mass media, it takes care of the professional development of philately.

The work of the association is based on the activity of its members, which is voluntary. It depends on individuals, who are prepared to devote their spare time not only to creating their own collections but also to passing on their knowledge to the others. This dissemination of knowledge may take various forms from clubs for young philatelists to the organisation of meetings and exhibitions, article writing and publishing of philatelic literature. After the initial enthusiasm the interest in philately has slightly decreased, which was also reflected in the work of the association. Some of the once very active societies do not exist anymore today, others work with variable intensity. Since the proclamation of independence of Slovenia in 1991 the situation has improved. The Slovenian Philatelic Association today has 29 members, which are societies with more than 1,500 members. Some societies have renewed their work in recent years and some have been established anew. The Slovenian Philatelic Association is a member of the International Philatelic Association (FIP), the Federation of European Philatelic Associations (FEPA) and it cooperates in the working agreement Alpe Adria. In the latter, the Slovenian Philatelic Association takes a particularly active part. The working agreement Alpe Adria joins together philatelists from different regions of neighbouring countries (Austria, Italy, Hungary and Germany) including Slovenia and Croatia. This year's international philatelic exhibition Alpe Jadran Fila '99 which is to take place in Ljubljana from 15 to 19 September 1999 and which is organised within this cooperation also represents the central manifestation in the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the association.


Scott: #470O

Issued: 9.10.2001

Dialogue among Civilizations

Inside #470: Pseudo Stamp on Envelope

Thanks to Lloyd Gilbert


Scott: #602-5O

Issued: 20.5.2005

50 Years of Europa Stamps

 Inside #602: Slovenia #495O

 Inside #603: Slovenia #285O

 Inside #604: Slovenia #349O

 Inside #605: Slovenia #195O

50th Anniversary of the EUROPA Stamp Series

The first EUROPA stamps with a common design depicting a tower formed by the 6 letters of the word EUROPA were issued on 15 September 1956. They were issued by the six countries which in March 1957 signed the Treaty of Rome establishing the European Economic Community, which eventually developed into the European Union. The second issue, released that very same year, only had a common theme — Peace and Welfare, while the 1958 issue again featured a common design. While the number of countries issuing EUROPA stamps has grown over the years, the interest in the common design stamps has diminished. This is why the 1974 EUROPA stamps were the last to share a common design. Since then, only the 1984 and 2000 EUROPA stamps appeared with a common design. The year 1959 marks another important milestone in the history of EUROPA issues. That year 19 countries established the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT). Starting the following year, the EUROPA stamps bore the abbreviation of the new organization. In 1974, the abbreviation was replaced by the CEPT logo, which was used until 1992 when the representatives of 24 postal operators agreed to establish an Association of European Public Postal Operators (PostEurop). Since 1993, when Slovenia joined the countries issuing EUROPA stamps, these stamps have only borne the EUROPA indication. During the next year, the EUROPA stamps, which have become sought after by collectors worldwide, will celebrate their 50th anniversary. Post of Slovenia is joining the celebrations starting this year with this special stamp issue.

http://www.posta.si/Namizje.aspx?tabid=618&artikelid=8340

Scott: #605aO


Scott: #753-4O

Issued: 29.5.2008

Europa – The Letter

  

 Inside #753: Slovenia #691O

 Inside #753: Slovenia #696O

 Inside #753: Postal card (21.1.2005), A nvi, post horn (changed color)O – Thanks to Lou

Inside #754: Pseudo Stamps

Although the word letter has multiple meanings, most of us think of a written piece of paper, put into an envelope, submitted at the postal office to be sent to an addressee; in case of letters, we are dealing with a special communication between the sender and the addressee.

Communication between individuals is one of the most basic factors of human cultural development. Already centuries ago a need of the communication with the help of mediators has appeared next to the direct communication, since it presented the only way for individuals to connect in a larger area. The long distance communication was accelerated by the invention of writing; the transfer of written messages was already close to our conception of a letter. The first letters were naturally different than the present form. The oldest found letters were clay plates, written with cuneiform and inserted into special wrappers from clay. In the period between 3000 and 1500 B.C., merchants and other accidental carriers transported the letters from the royal court in Mesopotamia to Capadocia (present Turkey). The letters in the following years had the form of plates, coated with wax, papyrus and parchment scrolls, and other objects, which were used to put down and transfer messages.

The development of postal services and the mass manufacturing and use of paper after 1500 brought changes also in the area of letters. The confidentiality of the letter content dictated their form. The initial letters, written on the sheet of paper, were simply sheets of papers, folded in various ways, while the final edges were glued together. In other cases, the folded piece of paper was tied together with a string or band, which had to be torn apart while opening the letter. Various ways of sealing the letters finally brought the conception of the envelope, which presents in most cases a secure way of protecting the message, submitted for the transfer in the public postal organization or private carrier. According to some researchers of postal history, the transition to the use of letter envelopes can be seen in the case of the Mulready's envelopes, which entered the circulation simultaneously with the black penny. This is also the form of the letter, as we know it today.

For centuries the letters presented the most basic long distance communication; however, in the years of the strong development of electronics and the use of the World Wide Web, the letters have been slowly losing its value. However, there is no fear that they would be lost entirely, since for a long time all modern means of communication won't be available to all inhabitants; and above all, the most modern media will never be able to replace the warmth of a hand-written message on a letter paper.


Scott: #756O

Issued: 29.9.2008

Stamp Day

Inside #756: Pseudo Stamps


Scott: #778P

Issued: 27.3.2009

90 years of chainbreaker stamps

Inside #778: Vavpotič's first draft of a

Postage due stamp, which was never printed

90 years of chainbreaker stamps

During the last months of the First World War, the Slovenian national authority began to develop together with the National Council for Slovenian provinces and Istria. The National Council of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs declared on the 29th October the formation of an independent state, and two days later confirmed the National Government of SCS in Ljubljana. On the 14th November 1918, the government adopted a decree on the preliminary management, by which the Postal and Telegraph Directorate for the entire Slovenian territory was established with a seat in Ljubljana. Due to the needs of postal traffic and promotion of the new state, the new postal management wanted to issue a series of new stamps; therefore, it asked the academy-trained painter Prof. Ivan Vavpotič to prepare the drafts for the definitive, postage due and newspaper stamps.

According to the first drawings of Vavpotič, the motive of a slave who is tearing apart chains was selected for definitive stamps. This motive was also the reason for the famous name "chain breaker stamps", which is familiar to collectors all over the world. Later on, Vavpotič regretted the selection of the commission by claiming in a self-critical article, which was published in the journal Jutro in 1925, that the motive was daub.

Preparations for printing the first stamps were ready already in November 1918, which is why these stamps contain the inscription "Država SHS" (State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs). On the 1st December 1918, the officially non-recognized state joined the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which is inscribed on the later prepared stamps. The first two stamps with the figure of a slave were issued on the 3rd January 1919; following, the stamps of this series had been issued in various editions until October 1920. The first Slovenian stamps had been in use until spring 1921, when the government in Belgrade began to issue "uniform" stamps for the entire state.

The stamp indicates Vavpotič's first draft of a postage due stamp, which was never printed.

http://www.posta.si/Namizje.aspx?tabid=880&artikelid=9412


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Slovenia Stamps

http://www.euro-soft.nl/yuclub/

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