French Equatorial Africa stamps

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French Equatorial Africa was the federation of French colonial possessions in Middle Africa, extending northwards from the Congo River to the Sahara Desert.

Established in 1910, the federation contained four territories — Gabon, Middle Congo (now the Republic of the Congo), Oubangui-Chari (or Ubangi-Shari, now the Central African Republic) and Chad, although the last was not organized as a separate entity until 1920. The governor-general was based in Brazzaville with deputies in each territory.

In 1911 France ceded parts of the territory to German Cameroon as a result of the Agadir Crisis. The territory was returned after Germany's defeat in World War I.

During World War II the federation rallied to the Free French Forces (August 1940) (except for Gabon which was Vichy between 16 Jun 1940 - 12 Nov 1940) and became the centre for their activities in Africa.

Under France's Fourth Republic (1946-1958), the federation was represented in the French parliament. When the territories voted in the September 1958 referendum to become autonomous within the French Community, the federation was dissolved. In 1959 the new republics formed an interim association called the Union of Central African Republics, before becoming fully independent in August 1960.

Postage stamps

The postal administrations of the four territories were separate until 1936, each issuing its own stamps. In that year, stamps of Gabon and Middle Congo were overprinted AFRIQUE / ÉQUATORIALE / FRANÇAISE. A definitive series for the colony followed in 1937, featuring local scenes and key (French) figures in the formation of the colony, with various color and value changes each year through 1940.

The 1937 series was overprinted AFRIQUE FRANÇAISE / LIBRE or just LIBRE in 1940 by the Free French, and in 1941 they issued a series depicting a phoenix rising from the flames.

A new definitive series, featuring local scenery and people, was issued in 1946, and another twenty-odd stamps came out during the 1950s, with the last being the omnibus Human Rights issue on 10 December 1958.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Equatorial_Africa


Scott: #C38O

(Thanks to Lou for the scan)

Issued: 6.6.1954

10th Anniversary, Liberation of France

 Inside #C38: France #718P


Best website related:

THE STAMPS OF THE FRENCH WESTERN AFRICA

http://www.philnet.fr/eng/cyber/fwa/

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