China (ROC) stamps

Republic of China - Taiwan

Flag of the Republic of China

P=have O=don’t have it

The Republic of China is a multiparty democratic state that today is composed of the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy, and Matsu.

See: People's Republic of China

File:LocationTaiwan.svg


#784#785 

Scott: #784-5P

Issued: 20.3.1948

Nanking / Shanghai Philatelic Exhibition

#183 Inside #784-5: China #183O

%23780 Inside #784-5: China #780P

%23784#785i

The Directorate General of Posts held a stamp exhibition in Nanking on March 20, 1948, the first Postal Commemoration Day since its approval and promulgation by the Ministry of Communications and also the 70th anniversary of the first stamp issue in the 4th year of Emperor Kuang Hsu (1878). A set of stamps in commemoration of the exhibition was issued for the occasion.
The stamp design in this issue is a combination of two original stamps (1) the 10C commemorative stamp bearing Dr. Sun's portrait in commemoration of the success of the revolution of China issued in 1912, and (2) the $500 commemorative stamp showing a plane and a junk in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Directorate General of Posts issued in 1947. In a horizontal panel at the top are the characters "Stamp Exhibition on Postal Commemoration Day". At the bottom of the stamp are three interlocking horizontal panels. The middle one has the numeral1948indicating the year of the Stamp Exhibition. The one in the right shows the denomination in Chinese characters and the one on the left shows it in Arabic figures.

In this issue there is only one denomination, printed by the Dah Yeh Printing Co., Shanghai by offset process.

At the request of philatelists, a similar stamp exhibition was held on May 19 of the same year in Shanghai, where the Hsin Kuang Stamp Association, Shanghai joined in the exhibition with the stamps in its collection. During this stamp show, a commemorative stamp, also printed in the Nanking original plate but in gray green color, was issued and put on sale. This commemorative issue was partly perforated and partly imperforate and also printed by the Dah Yeh Printing Co.


%23988

Scott: #988O

Issued: 1.8.1949

75th Anniversary, UPU

Inside #988: Stamps on Envelopes


%231476

Scott: #1476O

Issued: 20.3.1966

70th Anniversary, China Postal Service

Inside #1476: Stamp on Envelope


%231681

Scott: #1681O

Issued: 8.10.1970

Publicize the Postal Code System

Inside #1681: Stamp on Envelope


%231763%231764

Scott: #1763-4O

Issued: 1.4.1972

10th Anniversary, Asian-Oceanic Postal Union

Inside #1763-4: Stamp on Envelope


%231775

Scott: #1775O

Issued: 24.10.1972

ROCPEX '72

%231771 Inside #1775: China #1771O

%231773 Inside #1775: China #1773P


%231784%231785

%231786

Scott: #1784-6O

Issued: 9.8.1972

Promotion of Philately

%231547 Inside #1785: China #1547O

Inside #1785: Stamps on Envelopes


%231984

%231985%231986

%231987

Scott: #1984-7P

Issued: 20.3.1976

80th Anniversary, Postal Service

Inside #1984, #1987: Stamp on Envelope

%231987A

Scott: #1987aO


%232087%232088#2089

Scott: #2087-9O

Issued: 21.2.1978

China Stamp Centenary

%231 Inside #2087: China #1O

%23464 Inside #2088: China #464O

%231204 Inside #2089: China #1204P

紀166.4

Scott: #2089aO

In 1978 Chinese postage stamps had a history of one hundred years, beginning with the initial release of the First Customs Dragon Issue, commonly known as "Large Dragons", in 1878. To celebrate this significant occasion, a set of Centennial of Chinese Postage Stamps Commemorative Issue was released on February 21, and a souvenir sheet (144 × 102 mm.) was released on March 20, 1978.

The stamps take as their main design three representative Chinese stamps issued in the early, middle, and recent periods, i. e. Large Dragons, Dr. Sun Yat-sen (New York Print), and President Chiang Kai-shek’s portrait stamps. Around the central design is a decorative pattern. As for the souvenir sheet, three stamps are arranged in a row.


紀167.1     #2091

Scott: #2090-1O

Issued: 20.3.1978

ROCPEX '78

%232 Inside #2091: China #2O

%232079%20ROC Inside #2091: China #2079O

The centennial of Chinese postage stamps fell in 1978. To commemorate this significant postal event, to advance friendship and goodwill among the people of the world, and to promote philatelic activities, the 1978 Philatelic Exhibition Commemorating the Centennial of China’s First Stamps (ROCPEX TAIPEI ’78) took place from March 20 to 29, 1978. The Exhibition was organized jointly by the Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall and this Directorate. In conjunction with the Exhibition, an issue of stamps was released on March 20, 1978, the Postal Day-also the opening day of ROCPEX TAIPEI ’78.

The 2.00 stamp depicts the site of the Exhibition-Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall. The 10.00 stamp has as its main design two prior stamps, one each of the Large Dragon Issue and the New Year’s Greeting Stamp of 1977 (a painting of horses), symbolizing the energetic spirit of dragons and horses.


紀174.1

Scott: #2166P

Issued: 27.8.1979

Death Centenary of Sir Rowland Hill

GB #1 a Inside #2166: G.B. #1 [F-E]

Visit: The Penny Black Plate project http://www.arcieriminerva.it/SOS/homeSOS.htm

Sir Rowland Hill (1795-1879), an Englishman, was born poor. Aggressive and inventive, he succeeded in life by self`study. He invented the world’s first postage stamp "Black Penny" and was thus honorably called the father of the postage stamp. Furthermore, he suggested "prepaid postage" and "uniform rate of postage" systems. Although he took charge of the British Post for only ten years (1854-1864), Sir Rowland Hill made significant contributions by introducing his system and improving the efficiency of the post office. Proven immensely successful, his many plans were widely imitated by countries the world over. Consequently, he was honored by the Universal Postal Union as one of the greatest men in the world.


%232270#2271

Scott: #2270-1O

Issued: 25.10.1981

ROCPEX '81

Inside #2270-1: Pseudo Stamp


%232330#2331

Scott: #2330-1O

Issued: 9.8.1982

Promotion of Philately

%231927 Inside #2330: China #1927O

Inside #2330:

%232214%20ROC

%231361

 

China #2214O

China #1361O

 

%231592

%232077

%232044

China #1592O

China #2077O

China #2044O

%231917

%231954

%231859

China #1917O

China #1954O

China #1859O

 

Inside #2330:

%232204

%231420

%231984

China #2204P

China #1420O

China #1984P

%232005

%232037

%231968

China #2005O

China #2037O

China #1968O

 

Inside #2330:

%232081

%232163

%232153

China #2081O

China #2163O

China #2153P

 

Inside #2330:

%232114

%232149

China #2114O

China #2149O

[Children's Day - Children's Drawings, Scrivi AIW]

China #2062O

China #2234O

(Thanks to Attilio Papio)

%231228

%232041

China #1228O

China #2041O

%231977

%232217

China #1977O

China #2217O

 

Inside #2331:

%231417

#1415

%231416

China #1417O

China #1415O

China #1416O

%231471-2%231473-4

Inside #2331: China #1471-4O

%231701

%231699

%231698

China #1701O

China #1699O

China #1698O

%231765

%231773%20roc

%231769

#1772

China #1765P

China #1773P

China #1769O

China #1772P

%231871

%231872

%231873

%231874

China #1871-4O

Inside #2331: Other TBI


#2434-6

Scott: #2434-6O

Issued: 10.10.1984

Postal Museum Opening

%231458 Inside #2434: China #1458O

%23299 Inside #2435: China #299P

%232436a

Scott: #2436aO

To cultivate interest in visiting the new Postal Museum, this Directorate released a set of three stamps on October 10, 1984-opening day of the new Museum.

The 2.00 stamp bears a former stamp of Confucius and his saying "The flowing progress of virtue is more rapid than the transmission of imperial orders by postal stages and couriers" which is believed to be the earliest reference to a postal service.

The 5.00 stamp features a previous stamp of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and his remark "Develop postal service to benefit the people and the country".

The 18.00 stamp depicts the exterior of the new Postal Museum building.

In an attempt to promote business development and to help the public gain better knowledge in the field of post, the Postal Museum was established on December 1, 1965. It houses a large collection of specialized books and documents and displays postage stamps, material on postal equipment, postal history, and others. Although the Postal Museum has received enthusiastic support since establishment, its location in suburban Hsintien was not an easy access to visitors. For the convenience of the public, this Directorate built the new Postal Museum in the Nanhai Cultural Center in Taipei.


#2449

Scott: #2449P

Issued: 15.2.1985

150th Birth Anniversary of Sir Robert Hart

%232 Inside #2449: China #2O

The Forerunner - Sir Robert Hart http://filatelist.tripod.com/forerunner.html

After the Second Opium War (1856-1860), under the "Treaty of Tientsin" the diplomatic envoys and attaches of Britain, France, Russia, US and other countries were entitled the rights of free travel and running postal service in Chinese territory, and the Chinese government was responsible for their safety. At that time, foreign envoys in China asked the Chinese government’s Tsungli Yamen (Office of Foreign Affairs) to run postal service on their behalf and Tsungli Yamen assigned ICHAN (the government operated courier stations) to deliver mails for the envoys between Shanghai and Peking.

In 1861 Sir Robert Hart, then the Acting Inspector General of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs who had the ambition to organize a modern national postal system in China emulating that of the Westerns, suggested to Tsungli Yamen that it would be to China's advantage that a national post office be founded. But Tsungli Yamen turned it down because it would have brought him into conflict with some powerful private vested interests. In 1866, the handling of mails of foreign envoys was reassigned to the Customs. Inspector General of Customs Robert Hart accepted to undertake the duty and set up the "Customs Postal Department" to handle mail delivery. Initially the Customs postal service handled only official documents and private letters for its staff and family members. Since 1866, it began to accept and distribute legation mail pouches. From 1867, it began to accept mail articles from foreign residents to be transmitted by Tientsin-Shanghai steamers. And in 1868, the Tientsin Customs began to accept closed mail from the Tientsin community to be transmitted to Shanghai.

On March 9, 1878, Robert Hart entrusted Gustav Detring, then Commissioner of Customs - Tientsin, to inaugurate Customs trial-run postal service following example of the Europeans. The beginning of China’s modern post was marked with the opening of the Customs Postal Service for public mailing on March 23, 1878, at Peking, Tientsin, Newchwang, Chinkiang and Shanghai with Tientsin Customs as the center. It was officially named the Customs Post Office later in January 11, 1880. The Customs Post Office decided to print postage stamps to simplify the postal charge and account settlement. In July 1878, China’s first issue - Customs Large Dragon stamps was released. After Large Dragon, the Customs Post Office issued Small Dragon (1885) and Empress Dowager's Birthday Commemorative (1894) stamps.

In 1892, Robert Hart suggested to Tsungli Yamen to establish a national post office again, and later in 1895 made a 4 chapter, 44 articles of Postal Guide for the modern postal service. In 1896 Robert Hart succeeded in founding the Imperial Post Office and appointed the Inspector General of Posts. Money came from Customs Funds. The innumerable rules, regulations and problems that had to be overcome were legion. He paid attention to every possible matter from opening a new department to the design of a postage stamp.

From 1878 when the Customs Post set up to 1896 when the Imperial Post was established, modern Post of China had experienced many vicissitudes. The number of post offices increased from the original 5 to 24 offices, covered almost all places there were customs houses. A new modern postal system finally held its ground, and laid down foundation for the development of China’s first national postal service - the Imperial Chinese Post.

See also: Founder of Modern Post of China http://filatelist.tripod.com/hart.html


#3052-5

Scott: #3052-5O

Issued: 20.3.1996

Chinese Postal Service Centenary

%231 Inside #3052-5a: China #1O

#2990 Inside #3053 (Stamp on envelope): China #2990O (Thanks to Lou)

紀257.5

Scott: #3055aP

The Chinese Postal Service (CPS) was opened to the general public in 1896, and on March 20, 1996 it reached its 100th anniversary. To celebrate this historically significant event, this Directorate issued a set of four stamps depicting mailboxes, measurement instruments. mail carriers, and weighing instruments. A souvenir sheet (78×102mm) consisting of the four stamps was also issued. The design of these stamps is the winning entry from Arthur Lee in a stamp design competition held for this special event.

The years from March 20, 1896 (Kwang Hsu the 22nd Year. February 7th), when the CPS was formed, to 1911, when the Republic of China was founded. Form an important period during which the Chinese Postal Service not only laid a solid foundation for the postal services, but also paved the way for the future stable development of the industry. In the period from early 1911 to the Sino Japanese War, the CPS continued to grow in spite of the fact that the existence of the nation was in danger. After the national government moved to Taiwan, the CPS kept improving its operation and service, hoping to meet the needs of the general public and help state run business to develop a good image.

In recent years, due to the rapid growth of the national economy and drastic changes in the social structure, the operating conditions for CPS are not the same as they were before. The traditional dominance held in the past is threatened by such serious challenges as the advance of new technology in tele-communications, the rise of the private mail delivery companies, and keen competition in the insurance and banking sectors. To keep pace with society, the CPS is now, under the new image of reliance, warmth, efficiency, and innovation, very active in changing its ways to operation, re-setting its management system, accelerating its automation process, and upgrading its quality of service.


2004

Scott: #3507vO

Issued: 30.5.2004

Greetings

Inside #3507v (On tabs): TBI

Thanks to Prof. Plinio Richelmi

Help me identify


2009 taiwan modern painting--on tab (3)

Scott: #3883O

Issued: 7.8.2009

Modern Taiwanese Painting

2009 taiwan modern painting--on tab a Inside #3883 (On Label): China (ROC) #3883a


20102010a

Scott: #????-?O

Issued: 28.9.2010

Great Chinese Educators

%231648 Inside #????: China (ROC) #1647O

%231798 Inside #????: China (ROC) #1798P

Thanks to Prof. Plinio Richelmi and Lou Guadagno


http://www.post.gov.tw/post/internet/IMG_STAMP/SPOST/A135_02.135SL-S.jpg

Scott: #????O

Issued: 10.10.2011

100th anniversary of the Republic of China

  Inside #????: China (ROC) #2156P (B)

Thanks to Mike Knopfler

To mark the 100th anniversary of the Republic of China, Chunghwa Post is issuing a 2nd print of a single “National Flower Postage Stamp” with a denomination of NT$100 on October 10, 2011, ROC’s national day. The design of the stamp follows:

Printed in intaglio combined with offset, this high face value stamp incorporates several different printing techniques. The two blooming plum blossoms on the lower right corner and the frames of the stamp are printed in offset, while the plum blossoms and the branches in the center as well as the stamp’s denomination are printed in intaglio. The plum blossoms, branches and the line frame are printed in gold; and the denomination is, for the first time in Chunghwa Post’s history, printed with variable ink which is for anti-counterfeiting and normally used on banknotes.


Lou Guadagno wrote: To me, this item is not even remotely a SOS issue, not a design component by my definition, and not even a hated Type B.  Just because a design is used again, does not make it a SOS, there has to be a tie-in to the older issue, such as a stamp anniversary or exhibition.  There are hundreds of designs, especially those of definitives that are used again in different forms that have never been considered as SOS. The new stamp is based on the 1979 Plum Blossom design, but the branch and value are now gold and now there are two real blossoms instead of a symbolic one at the bottom right.  Also, the Chinese inscription in the upper left is different. The official Taiwan site describes the stamp as “2nd Print of the National Flower Stamp” — no mention of it as a commemorative issue.


Best website related:

 

http://www.post.gov.tw/post/internet/u_english/index.jsp

http://www.post.gov.tw/post/internet/w_stamphouse/stamphouse_eng.htm

POSTAL HISTORY OF IMPERIAL CHINA 1897-1911

http://filatelist.tripod.com/phcindex.html

Stamps of China (1878 to 1949)

http://www.stampsofchina.com/asp/stamplinks.asp

Postage stamps and postal history of China

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postage_stamps_and_postal_history_of_China

Stamps of China

http://www.jdol.cn.net/stamps/

HOME | COUNTRIES LIST

http://www.geocities.com/rammym/lazarbar.gif

Scott2007